Australian Internet "Grid" -  Copyright: 13th of August 2003.      Ken Lawson

Comparison for costing is based on six fibres in one fibre optic cable for installation of fibre to the home (FTTH),
small office home office (SOHO)  and small business only method to simplify and explain a two stage construction
process for the entire installation.

Costing the Australian Internet Grid
"The Drums are Playing"

First Stage of the Network is the International Grouping

The International service grouping of the Australian Internet Grid including the
"Current Domestic Market and International Customers Currently Hosted here
in Australia".

Membership of International Structure - Migration Plan
Australian Internet Grid will provide service and security to other service providers in this (International) grouping
similar to the service you are receiving now from your existing service provider for VoIP and Internet at present,
this will be like the wholesale part of the business serving mainly providers and individuals who would like to use the
normal access services they are using on the current copper network and optic networks at present with the option
to join the Domestic service group when complete.

This would be the first stage in a Two Stage Construction and services level access, it would be very hard to put a figure on
the total cost as it would take many decades until completion with the technologies envisaged, as this platform is unlimited
in its scope potential.

First part of the construction is the State Data Hub Centres, then the Regional Buildings for fibre optics switching matrix cabinets,
then the local subscriber fibre cabinets and cabling to the premises.

Regional Buildings, these would be situated close to existing cities or large population centres to compress the cable installation
area into carrier cables only as a switching matrix junction and could be built underground.

This would be built on IPv6 for 64bit numbering and existing server technology as minimum for costing.

Construction of the optic fibre network which will be more profitable as there will be less maintenance faults
compared to the existing network, fibre optic cables do not corrode when wet, like copper and they have a gel fill to keep
water out, cut cables are easily repaired when slack is provided in the duct or conduit installation system. 

Ideally, single mode fibre optic carrier grade cables could be estimated for the the local connections, one cable per entry point
containing six fibres (Home, SOHO & Small Business) mentioned for this proposal, for future needs and smart home
of the future.

Medium to Large Business & Corporate would require a different model, the first step would be to survey all these businesses
to find the level of equipment required to replace what services they are currently using, then develop a model that fits about 4 or 5
capacity sizes.
Medium, Large, Corporate, whole CBD building.

Whole CBD building types might fall within say a Large or Corporate capacity size.

"International" Service Grouping Installed and Activated First

Before the Australian Internet GRID becomes fully active, three of these cables for Home, SOHO & Small Business "Example"
will be activated as the split function of the "Australian Internet Grid" as the International service group, essentially this is two
separate networks (See below for "Domestic Service Grouping") that provide for the existing multi competition model that is the
current communications network over copper pairs with some fibre optics at present.

Competition Model for All Existing Service Providers and Carriers
at Present are in the First Stage - Proposed International Service group

Existing competition - market component model.

Cable TV
Data services
Existing fibre optic networks
Hosted Web Services both domestic and international sites hosted here in Australia
Internet for existing ISP's and users
PSTN services
VoIP services
Finally anything else on the current copper network at present today in 2005.

Fibre Optic to PSTN is also a possibility on this initial "first stage International Network" for anyone who does not trust new
technology, existing modems or other devices can work on fibre optics with an adapter - Fibre Optic to PSTN.

International Model includes other countries example below

Australian Internet Grid "First Stage International" in Australia and linking other countries to our network -
One example is New Zealand in the Tasman Sea @ (aigs.new_zealand.nzg) or (nzigs.new_zealand.nzg)

Initial Activation of Optic Fibres 4 - 6 for International Grouping

These will be Optic fibres 4, 5, 6 in First Stage Construction.

Explanation of fibre optic cable activation
All fibre optic cables are carrier grade when installed
All six fibres of one carrier cable are installed from the premises to the local switching cabinets.

Three of these six fibres are then fully installed and activated, back to the State Hub Centres via regional switching matrix cabinets.
The remaining three cables are not activated until the "Second Stage" of construction, they are basically spare until
"Second Stage" construction is complete - See Second Stage Construction below. 

This is the initial stage of the Australian Internet Grid, the Australian Internet Grid will not be fully functional as the
Australian Internet GRID Standard in this proposal until the second stage is completed, which is the fully functional primary
operational platform stage, the final operational stage of the Australian Internet Grid.

Service Software and Equipment

Once the first stage construction is complete, essentially all the cables and fibre switching cabinets will be in place,
then the second stage construction begins which is the core data centres for Australian Internet Grid Domestic Member
Services Area Only, this is where all the hosting and services equipment will be, in this second stage development initially,
to continue funding the entire network construction, this equipment will be situated in the State Data Hub Centres. (SDHC)

Domestic and International service equipment will be situated in these State Data Hub Centres (SDHC) and will be separated
for ease of fault diagnosis.

All State Data Hub Centres (SDHC) will be built of the same design and layout in common. 

This Australian Internet Grid Proposal will cost more than $30 Billion for International and Domestic Stages see below.

$30 Billion to cable fibre optics throughout Australia estimated by telco
Mentioned in new report called---->Future - Proofing Telecommunications in Non-Metropolitan Australia
"Page Research Centre" report  by Queensland National Party.
Released 17th of March 2005.

This proposal would cost more than the $30 Billion mentioned to build a network in the "Page Report" Future - Proofing Telecommunications in Non-Metropolitan Australia, its possible only a single fibre optic cable to the home or small
business office SOHO is in this estimate, all business users are included in their costing including large business and corporate.

The $30 Billion price tag for the existing estimate to cable fibre optics might be a bit low, only they know how much
it will cost because they have the existing cable layout plans with all the service corridors on the maps.

These maps include all the lengths in the cable runs, existing cable ducts and exchanges and so on.

This cable data is an advantage when costing a full network upgrade.

I cannot see $30 Billion Australian Dollars and what sort of a network would it be, would it be easy to install additional fibre optic
cables when needed?
I think not, it is likely to be the minimum service level that does not allow immediate growth or flexibility in service usage.

Australian Internet Grid Comparison on Six Fibres offered

The Australian Internet Grid will cost more for "First Stage Construction - International" of the network than existing carrier
estimate mentioned in the "Page Report".
Australian Internet Grid is a entirely new network
This is an all new network, it will not use any part of other existing carrier networks, or trespass any existing carrier network
buildings except as a service entry point only, so the security of the this network will be very high.
Domestic and small business model only, comparison for this Draft4
There are six fibres in the one cable entry point which also requires six fibre optic switching connection positions, this
increases the size and the cost of the switching cabinets needed to connect all users in the given area of installation.

Profit Base Comparison for Australian Internet Grid
Based initially on First Stage Construction - International Only Stage with growth in Services.

Initial construction - will have one membership structure with one level of service initially, leading to final construction stage,
final stage will have two membership requirements and two service structures. (Domestic or International OR combination of both).

First stage of construction is the "International membership grouping" to build a revenue stream to help finance the
Second Stage "Domestic" to final stage.

Revenue of First Stage is accepting all services currently working on the existing copper or other network in Australia as is,
with any new service compatible initially until complete, this will be for the existing competition base in Local & World
Internet access as it currently exists with recent provision of VoIP in early 2004 (Replaces existing copper network services
and PSTN telephones).

Selling Membership and Services for the "International" Grouping, including computer equipment and providing the single
service IP Numbers (Internet Protocol) to the market.

Future Markets when Australian Internet Grid Completed
Selling Membership and Services for the "Domestic" Grouping, including computer equipment and providing the single
service IP Numbers (Internet Protocol) to the market.

This will include new pay services like Pay TV and new 2D Television channels with most of  these paying licence fees
with some fee free community service channels. (Internet TV  channels for volunteers.)
(Community Service Television can be regional and country stations)

"International" Includes Access to World Internet Traffic plus Future World Upgrade

World Internet access as it currently exists including the new World Internet stage 2. (future world grid structure)

First stage and Second stage construction will eventually be, the full operational mode at some distant time as it will bring
everyone under the two membership structures of Domestic - International.

This change over can then be determined at a future date with all service providers and users notified well in advance.
Example - one to five year notice, this could be on a daylight saving change over date of the future.
This proposal will increase the cost of the International Internet structure at present with respect to the current Internet access
charges on offer for some fibre and ADSL customers via the current ISP structure but the service will be a whole leap ahead of
what is currently available.

Existing Shareholders in our National Carrier

Membership will give far greater power to all users, than individual share holdings in a publicly listed share holding, the existing shareholder base of 49% in the federal governments 51% owned carrier could be converted into a membership scheme with extra
benefits for shareholders converting to this scheme, the remaining shares could then be reclaimed with a buy back over several
economic cycles.
Depending on amount of shares owned or holding
1.This might include board level representation on the Australian Internet Grid for large shareholders representing members.
2. Discounts to these members on services and equipment for these members as a life condition, similar to life membership.
3. Life membership with a proportional discount on services and equipment.

These would be issued to shareholders in certificate form signed by the Federal Government for the life of the member or

Second Stage of Network - is the Domestic Service grouping
of the Australian Internet Grid

Domestic or International membership groupings
users will have a choice.
Membership of Domestic
Membership of International
Membership of Domestic and International

The Australian Internet Grid will host all services only in this Domestic Service Grouping until full
integration of total final structure including domestic and international users at future date,
when the network has paid for itself or could remain Domestic Hosting Only.

This will allow content creation for the "Domestic" structure, with a policy committee elected from the membership to set standards for the content creation and the new Internet site standards.

Linux programmers will be encouraged to join the "Domestic" membership to
help in research and development in the software structures for 3D and GRID computing functions,
The operating systems and integration of domestic database for network operations for state data hub
control centres also development of Artificial Intelligence Engines for the Quantum Computer.

Quantum Physics personnel will also be required to join the Domestic Research Group to help design
the installation requirements for the Quantum Computer with its multi function operations.

Users of "Domestic Grouping" will be able to book time on the Quantum Computer for a fee service.

Final Activation of Optic Fibres 1 - 3 for Domestic Grouping
This will be the optic fibres 1, 2, 3 activated and assigned IP Numbers for Second Stage Construction as the fibre optic cables
are already installed in the First Stage Construction top of page.

This new network is built from the bottom up, not the top down!  

The first and second stage of the Australian Internet Grid will use the latest Photonic switching cabinets, essentially light switching
without thousands of transistors, this will cut out the delay or latency of current transistor technology fibre cabinets, speeding the
switching up to near light speed over the entire network and increasing bandwidth over the carrier junction cables and subscriber

What limits the current fibre optic switching cabinets now is the switching delay into and out of one switching cabinet,
if this cabinet is Photonic in internal structure, the delay is minimal, this allows higher switching speed throughout the entire
network and increases the services bandwidth.

Domestic Service Construction to final completion
Membership of Domestic Structure

2nd stage construction starts, the membership base increases with the higher functions of the Australian Internet Grid,
This will include a National Grid Computing Structure and special data functions exclusive to Second Stage Domestic only,
revenue will continue increasing with memberships and service charges.

Final Stage is domestic high security data exchange for Domestic Australian Internet Grid Only with Quantum Computing,
including VoIP to world and some access services of the world Internet stage 2 (world grid structure).
Domestic structure could remain exclusive to the Australian Internet Grid, hosting all domestic services into the future.
This proposal will increase the cost of the International Internet structure at present with respect to the current Internet access
charges on offer for some fibre and ADSL customers via the current ISP structure but the service will be a whole leap ahead of
what is currently available.

Two structures will still coexist within the Australian Internet Grid -
(domestic or international and combination of both services).

VoIP can be Domestic Only or International Access Only or both.

This Domestic service requires Australian Internet Grid software only with "Grid Enabled Logo" to operate in this mode.

Future service structure? with hosting space open to all providers and users in either the domestic structure or international
structure or membership of combined structures - at some future date once the network is fully free from debt.
Virus Problem on Current World Internet - Solution?
One major advantage of these two separate structures is when a world wide virus strikes, the international component of the
Australian Internet Grid can be isolated from the Domestic component, therefore saving users and business systems, another
method is to reduce bandwidth on the international structure, this can be reduced to slow any spread of viral contamination into
the domestic network, something that cannot be done at the moment on the "one structure Internet carrier platform" with all
competitors operating independently.

On the two structured system, the "Domestic Structure" is spared and continues working until the virus alert is over.

From the control room
Virus alerts can be sent out over the entire network at once and notified over free to air television.
The virus problem will always cause chaos even with anti-virus software, as any new virus found is not built into the the protection software when it starts spreading, it is only added to the anti-virus software after analysing the virus for the cure or fix with patch.
Many billions of dollars have been lost in some of the latest virus attacks world wide.
South Korea has a fibre optic network at over 87% penetration.

The Japanese are building a 10Gbps fibre optic network (see AIG news section) for the smart business and smart home
technologies at present, this is not 10Gbps to all users, it would be the bandwidth of the network to local switching cabinets
minus the amount of users using the service at the same time which is shared by X amount of users.

X meaning - unknown at this point in time.
Costing for First Stage of the Australian Internet Grid is dependant on Draft version 5.

Coming soon.......................

Remember, this network has growth potential well beyond the 21st century, it is the only proposal that takes the future into
account, the cables will be there, the bandwidth can increase exponentially as the need arises, it takes into account all the
future technologies to come including the Quantum Computer, Photonic's, Nano Technology and it has already made changes
to the prior thinking that existed at the time, in August 2003 both here in Australia and Overseas.

Everyone who has seen this proposal have agreed that it is a tremendous idea, some have said who will pay for it?,
most agree we need it, they wait forever trying to download large files, 400Mbps is a lot of bandwidth for anyone to play with.  

There are many more exciting parts of this proposal to come in draft 5 which is still undergoing additions and revisions.

I need to test reaction before I'll release the final draft 5, there are several new components, draft version 5, otherwise it is
a waste of my time.

This information and graphics are my work, I expect the viewer to respect this work.

Uploaded 7th of April 2005 @ 5.44 p.m.

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