Air in the Sydney Basin
Air Quality Forcasts
Sunday Telegraph 9th of September 2001 page 43.
A new system for forcasting air quality in Sydney and Melbourne has been launched.
A suburb may soon have its own air quality forcast to help people take charge and control their own exposure, especially asthma sufferers. See link above - EPA - look for AIR top left corner and there is a chart of where the air quality monitoring stations are located with a map reference Latitude and Longitude for those who are keen map readers.
Sydney Basin Air is a mixture of industrial /chemical and transport pollution.
Ozone is a by-product of combustion engines and electro-chemical processes and is a poison.
Ozone can stunt plant & vegetable growth and can encycle a large city upto 80km or more beyond the city boundary.
Fine particles or particulates, are a lung hazard, where once a lung would have been pink inside that same lung would appear black through prolonged exposure to air pollution, with high levels of particulates.
There was a report on Today Tonight Ch7 in the first week of May 2000.
Particulates come from dirty engines like diesel trucks and buses and petrol engines which spew high smoke levels, in winter wood fires also generate high levels.
Carbon Monoxide is a poison and ground levels are increasing especially in heavy peak hour, road traffic through the shear volume of traffic now on our gridlocked roads.
Higher concentrations of Carbon Monoxide fill the air closer to Sydney residential areas where the traffic concentrates in peak time travel.
No wonder country people call Sydney the BIG SMOKE they can see the smoke before they even near to the city.
Benzene is a by product of the oil refining process and is added to petrol as a filler now in winter here in N.S.W. but was once added all year round , which you also pay fuel tax on, a known carcinogen which is deadly and may be the cause of most lung cancer cases at present.
There is a total lack of air monitoring stations around major pollution sources, in fact it could be said it is deliberate.
Please read the following submission to the Urban Air Quality Study conducted by the ............... Then see the map and the State Government Media Release.
To be added
Bad air putting millions at risk
Ref. Daily Telegraph 10th of September 2001 page 11.
Air pollution levels were breached on 16 winter days 2001 compared to 7 over the past 2 years.
2.5 million Sydney residents are exposed to levels exceeding the standard set by the world health organsiation (W.H.O.) once a year.
Ozone levels and pollution from cars exceed the health standards particularily in summer, highest since 1984 when every 2nd day exceeded the health standard.
This winter (2001) exceeded the health standard and this years figure was highest since winter 1997.
Wood fires are to blame for high particulate pollution in winter.
Sydney needs to install suburban light rail networks, ban cars from the CBD's and re- organise heavy transport industries (trucks) away from residential areas by formulating a heavy transport action plan including load sharing to force re-location of some of these operators closer to dedicated transport hubs with main highway frontage access.
How many people have seen trucks heading east to the wharves empty especially along Parramatta Road or Victoria Road to the north.
Where do all these trucks come from?
Where are all the trucks going to?
All this needs to be identified in an action plan and plotted on a computer to find the most efficient method of transporting goods in Sydney.
Another way would be to bring back the State Rail parcel service which was disbanded in favor of private trucking courier services.
Spur lines could be built next to suburban railway stations for the transfer of goods for the parcel service similar to what existed earlier last century updated with new technology for loading and unloading smaller containers.